js中的preventDefault和stopPropagation,阻止默认事件

preventDefault

preventDefault 可以阻止一些默认的事件,比如链接

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />
<title>JS阻止链接跳转</title>
<script type="text/javascript"> 
function stopDefault( e ) { 
     if ( e && e.preventDefault ) 
        e.preventDefault(); 
    else 
        window.event.returnValue = false; 
        
    return false; 
} 
</script> 
</head>
<body>
<a href="http://www.baidu.com" id="testLink">百度</a> 
<script type="text/javascript"> 
var test = document.getElementById('testLink'); 
test.onclick = function(e) { 
   alert('我的链接地址是:' + this.href + ', 但是我不会跳转。'); 
   stopDefault(e); 
} 
</script>
</body>
</html>

stopPropagation

stopPropagation 方法就是起到阻止js事件冒泡的作用

<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xHTML1/DTD/xHTML1-transitional.dtd">
<HTML XMLns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xHTML" lang="gb2312">
<head>
<title> 阻止JS事件冒泡传递(cancelBubble 、stopPropagation)</title>
<meta name="keywords" content="JS,事件冒泡,cancelBubble,stopPropagation" />
<script>
function doSomething (obj,evt) {
 alert(obj.id);
 var e=(evt)?evt:window.event;
 if (window.event) {
  e.cancelBubble=true;     // ie下阻止冒泡
 } else {
  //e.preventDefault();
  e.stopPropagation();     // 其它浏览器下阻止冒泡
 }
}
</script>
</head>
<body>
<div id="parent1" onclick="alert(this.id)" style="width:250px;background-color:yellow">
 <p>This is parent1 div.</p>
 <div id="child1" onclick="alert(this.id)" style="width:200px;background-color:orange">
  <p>This is child1.</p>
 </div>
 <p>This is parent1 div.</p>
</div>
<br />
<div id="parent2" onclick="alert(this.id)" style="width:250px;background-color:cyan;">
 <p>This is parent2 div.</p>
 <div id="child2" onclick="doSomething(this,event);" style="width:200px;background-color:lightblue;">
  <p>This is child2. Will bubble.</p>
 </div>
 <p>This is parent2 div.</p>
</div>
</body>
</HTML>